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Referencing A UKZN Study Guide



Referencing A UKZN Study Guide

Referencing A UKZN Study Guide. Referencing is a standardized method for crediting sources in academic work, acknowledging information and ideas used in assignments. This guide provides an overview of the APA referencing style, emphasizing in-text citations and the creation of a Reference List.

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Why Referencing is Important

Referencing serves multiple purposes, including acknowledging others’ work, preventing plagiarism, verifying quotations, and enabling readers to explore cited arguments further.

Steps Involved in Referencing

Gathering Information

  • Collect bibliographic details with relevant page numbers.
  • For books: author, year, title, edition, volume, place, and publisher.
  • For journal articles: author, year, title, journal title, volume, issue, and page numbers.
  • Include the date of access and the database or URL for electronic sources.

Inserting Citations

  • Place citations within the text where information is used.
  • Include the author’s name and publication year.
  • Use initials for authors with the same last name or include initials in citations.
  • Provide page numbers for direct quotes.

Creating a Reference List

  • Compile a list of all in-text citations at the end of the document.
  • Alphabetize the list by author’s name.
  • Include full details of books, articles, etc., cited in the text.

Two Parts of Referencing

Within-Text Referencing

  • Brief details within the body of the assignment.
  • Author’s name and publication year used for citations.

List of Works Cited

  • Detailed information about all cited sources.
  • Arranged alphabetically by author in the reference list.

What is a Reference/Citation?

A reference or citation includes elements allowing readers to trace the original source. Specific formats are outlined for books and journal articles.

Examples of Referencing

Examples for referencing books, journal articles, government publications, electronic media, and other sources are provided in a structured format.


Referencing is vital for academic integrity, acknowledging sources, and facilitating further exploration. Adhering to standardized styles, like APA, ensures consistency and credibility in academic writing.

Note: This overview is introductory; consult department-specific guidelines and the APA Publication Manual for comprehensive referencing details.

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